PSY 560 Final Project Theorists

PSY 560 Final Project Theorists

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 Below are the approved theorist selections for your final project. There are primary sources for all theorists in the Shapiro Library. Some of these resources are provided. Continue to research your theorist in the library to find more information for your final project.


Theorist Primary Sources (most are from the Shapiro Library)
Erich Fromm: Existential Theory An article that addresses validity of one aspect of his theory:


Pendse, S. G. (1978). An empirical validity test of Fromm’s personality orientations theory. Journal of General Psychology, 99(1), 133–139.


Fromm, E. (2013). Escape from freedom. New York, NY: Open Road Integrated Media.


Fromm, E. (1944). Individual and social origins of neurosis. American Sociological Review, 9(4), 380–384. An essay by Fromm on his influences:

Fromm, E. (2000). Autobiographical sidelights. International Forum of Psychoanalysis, 9(3/4), 251–253.

Veronica Benet‐Martínez: Bicultural Identity Integration An overview article that also delves into some validity issues:


Benet‐Martínez, V., & Haritatos, J. (2005). Bicultural identity integration (BII): Components and psychosocial antecedents. Journal of Personality, 73(4), 1015–1050.


A book chapter that provides a comprehensive overview:


Huynh, Q., Nguyen, A. D., & Benet-Martínez, V. (2011). Bicultural identity integration. In S. J. Schwartz et al. (Eds.), Handbook of identity theory and research (pp. 827–842). Berlin, Germany: Springer Science.


Benet-Martínez, V., Lee, F., & Leu, J. (2006). Biculturalism and cognitive complexity: Expertise in cultural representations. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 37(4), 386–407.


Julian B. Rotter: Social Learning Including

Locus of Control

Rotter, J. B., Fitzgerald, B. J., & Joyce, J. N. (1954). A comparison of some objective measures of expectancy. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 49(1), 111–114.


Rotter, J. B. (1960). Some implications of a social learning theory for the prediction of goal directed behavior from testing procedures. Psychological Review, 67(5), 301–316.


Rotter, J. B. (1990). Internal versus external control of reinforcement: A case history of a variable. American Psychologist, 45(4), 489–493.


Sue, D. W. (1978). Eliminating cultural oppression in counseling: Toward a general theory. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 25(5), 419–428.

Martin Seligman: Positive Psychology and Learned Helplessness The University of Pennsylvania Positive Psychology Center

This site allows you to locate comprehensive lists of published research on all aspects of positive psychology. If you click on the research tab at the top of the page and follow through all the subpages, you will find articles on nearly every aspect of positive psychology and learned helplessness.


Learned Helplessness Articles:


Maier, S. F., & Seligman, M. E. (1976). Learned helplessness: Theory and evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 105(1), 3–46.


Abramson, L. Y., Seligman, M. E., & Teasdale, J. D. (1978). Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 87(1), 49–74.


Positive Psychology Articles:


Seligman, M. E., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55(1), 5–14.


Seligman, M. E., Steen, T. A., Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2005). Positive psychology progress: Empirical validation of interventions. American Psychologist, 60(5), 410–421.


Sydney Blatt:

Two-Polarities Model (May be of interest to those who want to explore attachment theory)

Blatt, S. J., & Levy, K. N. (2003). Attachment theory, psychoanalysis, personality development, and psychopathology. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 23(1), 102–150.


Blatt, S. J., Auerbach, J. S., & Levy, K. N. (1997). Mental representations in personality development, psychopathology, and the therapeutic process. Review of General Psychology, 1(4), 351–374.


Luyten, P., & Blatt, S. J. (2013). Interpersonal relatedness and self-definition in normal and disrupted personality development: Retrospect and prospect. American Psychologist, 68(3), 172–183.


Guisinger, S., & Blatt, S. J. (1994). Individuality and relatedness: Evolution of a fundamental dialectic. American Psychologist, 49(2), 104–111.

David Buss: Evolutionary Psychology There are a number of readily available journal articles. Here is one article specifically related to personality:


Buss, D. M. (2009). How can evolutionary psychology successfully explain personality and individual differences?

Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4(4), 359–366.


Buss, D. M. (1991). Evolutionary personality psychology. Annual Review of Psychology, 42(1), 459–491.


Buss, D. M. (1995). Evolutionary psychology: A new paradigm for psychological science. Psychological Inquiry, 6(1), 1–30.


Confer, J. C., Easton, J. A., Fleischman, D. S., Goetz, C. D., Lewis, D. M., Perilloux, C., & Buss, D. M. (2010).

Evolutionary psychology: Controversies, questions, prospects, and limitations. American Psychologist, 65(2), 110–126.

Robert Neimeyer:

An Extension of Personal Construct Theory

Neimeyer focuses on constructs within relationships—if you choose Neimeyer, you might also incorporate some of the work of George Kelly on personal construct theory.

This is an overview article on constructivist psychotherapies:


Neimeyer, R. A. (1993). An appraisal of constructivist psychotherapies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 61(2), 221–234.


Neimeyer, G. J., & Neimeyer, R. A. (1985). Relational trajectories: A personal construct contribution. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 2(3), 325–349.


Theodore Millon uses an evolutionary approach to understanding personality development and personality disorders; there are a number of other important constructs in this theory beyond evolutionary ideas. Millon, T., & Grossman, S. D. (2006). Millon’s evolutionary model for unifying the study of normal and abnormal personality. In S. Strack (Ed.), Differentiating normal and abnormal personality (2nd ed.) (pp. 3–49). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company.
Walter Mischel and Yuichi Shoda:

Cognitive Affective Personality System

Also sometimes called Cognitive Affective Processing System—aiming for a unified theory of personality

Mischel, W., & Shoda, Y. (1995). A cognitive-affective system theory of personality: Reconceptualizing situations, dispositions, dynamics, and invariance in personality structure. Psychological Review, 102(2), 246–268.


Shoda, Y., LeeTiernan, S., & Mischel, W. (2002). Personality as a dynamical system: Emergence of stability and distinctiveness from intra- and interpersonal interactions. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6(4), 316–325.

Karen Horney:

Neo-Freudian and Feminist Psychology

Horney, K. (1999). The therapeutic process: Essays and lectures. B. J. Paris (Ed.). New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Otto Kernberg: Object Relations Theory

Model of levels of personality organization— focus on personality disorders—three levels of organization

Kernberg, O. F. (2015). Neurobiological correlates of object relations theory: The relationship between neurobiological and psychodynamic development. International Forum of Psychoanalysis, 24(1), 38–46.


Kernberg, O.F. (2004). Contemporary controversies in psychoanalytic theory, techniques, and their applications.

New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

Allan Schore:

Integration of neuroscience with attachment theory; affect regulation; development of self

Schore, A. N. (2000). Parent-infant communication and the neurobiology of emotional development. Paper presented at the Head Start National Research Conference, Washington, DC.


Schore, J. R., & Schore, A. N. (2008). Modern attachment theory: The central role of affect regulation in development and treatment. Clinical Social Work Journal, 36(1), 9–20.


Viktor Frankl:

An Existential Theory

Frankl, V. E. (1967). Logotherapy and existentialism. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research & Practice, 4(3), 138–142.
Rollo May: Humanism and Existentialism May, R. (1958). The origins and significance of the existential movement in psychology. In R. May, E. Angel, & H.

F. Ellenberger (Eds.), Existence: A new dimension in psychiatry and psychology (pp. 3–36). New York, NY, US: Basic Books.


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